Ecosystem has been always a friend to human life. The life we live is guided well by the ecosystem we are living in. There is a chain of events occurring in the space around us which are related with one another. All living beings are correlated with each other. Just after the formation of life in earth, the organisms evolved themselves to get adapted to the environment around us. Organisms had sustained many disasters and calamities.
We developed many devices and easier methods to wipe out problems those are troubling us. Life is being much easier now than the early days. Every new day we are gifted by something new to make the works easily done. For example, the discovery of vehicles had made traveling easy. We are day by day heading more towards the sophistication.
But the point of questions lies here, is the changing lifestyle making us more prone to disease? The changed lifestyle however made it sophisticated but at the same time it made the human race weak. The human body is built in such a way to evolve and adapt all the variation required to survive.
By this we are getting more prone to the pandemic like the one we are facing now, the deadly COVID 19. The human immunity is developed to tackle even the deadliest disease. But now at some point we have seen the degrading ecosystem has took us a step ahead towards the pandemic. The huge amount of livestock we are dealing with daily, we are more exposing ourselves to different viruses and bacteria.
The chemical plant disposes their garbage in the river, and rivers are the source of life to many. The fishes and many aquatic animals do eat and breathe in those chemically polluted water and they themselves get infected by various disease and after eating those fish we make ourselves infected.
The more number of animals we are dealing with like daily supply of animals to other countries or importing the same we are more connecting ourselves to them and resulting in transmitting the diseases with which our immunity can't tackle.
The large animal market in the Wuhan city of china, it is the place from where the corona virus first entered to the human body. And many other have emerged in recent decades, such as Ebola, AIDS, SARS, avian influenza and swine flu. All originated in animals – and there is increasing evidence that humanity’s over exploitation of nature is one of the factors behind the
spread of new diseases. Human activities have significantly altered three-quarters of the land and two-thirds of the ocean, changing the planet to such an extent as to determine the birth of new era: the “Anthropocene”. Changes in land use that bring wildlife, livestock and humans into closer contact with each other facilitate the spread of diseases, including new strains of bacteria and viruses.
Meanwhile, illegal and uncontrolled trade of living wild animals creates dangerous opportunities for contact between humans and the diseases these creatures carry. It is no coincidence that many recent outbreaks have originated in markets that sell a mix of wild and domestic mammals, birds and reptiles, creating the conditions for the development of old and new zoonoses: infectious diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans.
The current crises we are facing need an in-depth relationship between humans and the ecosystem. Reports illustrated that the human's impact on the ecosystem and the biodiversity and the spread of certain diseases are co-linked somehow indirectly. Contact with wild species such as bats, Asian palm civets, monkeys, pangolins and others can lead to the onset and contribute to the spread of serious zoonoses. It is no coincidence that recurrent outbreaks of Ebola have been linked to the hunting, butchering, and processing of meat from infected wild animals. Throughout history we noticed that hunting and bush meat consumption is a wide spread business is some parts of world. Bush meat is an easy food for a food-insecure family. A wide variety of animals are hunted for bush meat starting from reptiles to pangolins, antelopes to hippopotamus and the great apes and chimpanzees.
As bush meat hunting and trade grow, transmission and cooking practices that do not follow the standard safety norms are transmitting pathogens to their body and to the society without even their own concern.
The pandemics only can be deleted from the scene if we humans maintain a sweet relationship with the ecosystem. All of us are made for each other. And all of us are bound in a chain. We should reduce the over-exploitation of the nature and start returning to them.
Sophisticated life is okay, but a less sophisticated and more secure life is perfect.
Sophistication will be always on its way to advancement but simultaneously we have to take care that while doing we don't harm the ecosystem.
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