The most powerful non nuclear explosions- Beirut


4th August 2020, two explosions occurred at the city of Beirut, the capital city of Lebanon.


The explosions were of greater power and the second explosion was much devastating approximately about 170 Deaths and 6000 injuries


There is about 10-15 billion dollar property damage and were about 300000 people were homeless


It is considered as the largest non-nuclear explosion in the history.


The explosion was due to 2750 metric tons of Ammonium nitrate which has been confisticated from a abandoned ship MV Rhosus and was stored in the port for 6 years.

The incident was not the first time but in the 2013 a stockpile of tenth size of the one is Beirut blew up a west chemical and a fertilizer company in Texas.


Cause of ammonium nitrate to explode?


Ammonium nitrate is a stable compound under normal condition but its nature can’t be guaranteed. The main detonator of the explosion was the external heat source.

When ammonium nitrate heats up due to any external source that creates a problem. The ammonium nitrate will began to decompose. The decomposition can be mild harmless or even catastrophic.


The main reason was the huge stockpile of ammonium nitrate. The compound was stored and loaded up in the super sacks.


There is no space of air flow in between. The process of decomposition produces heat and it gets trapped inside and can’t get out. The temperature increases and decomposition accelerates and no one can stop it.


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